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Англійська граматика - Гусак:KEY

NOUNS
(KEY)

EXERCISE I.
Glasses; pianos; heroes; cuckoos; brushes; bushes; cargoes; photos; echoes; boxes; solos; foxes; tomatoes; benches; potatoes; lunches; schoolgirls; sons-in-law.
EXERCISE II.
1) videos, pianos, radios; 2) sopranos; 3) studios; 4) tattoos; 5) photos; 6) kilos; 7) memos; 8) discos; 9) zoos; 10) autos.
EXERCISE III.
Hero; valley; bush; leaf; woman; piano; child; hen, box, lion, photo, spy, week, plum, cherry, zoo, disco, beach, memo, lie, pie, tattoo, kilo.
EXERCISE IV.
1) are; 2) are; 3) is; 4) is; 5) are; 6) is; 7) are; 8) are; 9) is; 10) is.
EXERCISE V.
Cats; houses; children; mice; cucumbers; knives; boots; plums; rooms; countries.
EXERCISE VI.
Armchair; photo; cow; school; enemy; key; kiss; wife; loaf; ox; man; tooth; girl; person.
EXERCISE VII.
Flies; donkeys; keys, days; cities; monkeys; toys; ladies; plays; armies; boys; spies; cries; pities, skies, dragonflies, butterflies.
EXERCISE VIII.
Roofs; kerchiefs; wives; muffs; knives; chiefs; lives; leaves; proofs; thieves; calves; halves; shelves; wolves; loaves.
EXERCISE IX.
1) knives; 2) muffs; 3) roofs; 4) leaves; 5) kilos; 6) sopranos; 7) studios; 8) zoos; 9) tattoos; 10) memos; 11) pianos; 12) radios; 13) photos; 14) videos; 15) cuckoos.
EXERCISE X.
1) swarm; 2) congregation; 3) herd; 4) flock; 5) flock; 6) team; 7) bunch; 8) bundle; 9) bundle; 10) fleet; 11) crew; 12) staff; 13) library; 14) swarm; 15) audience; 16) army; 17) pack; 18) shoal.
EXERCISE XI.
1) herd; 2) harem; 3) school; 4) town; 5) pride; 6) pod; 7) run; 8) gaggle; 9) troop; 10) litter.
EXERCISE XII.
Choice; anger; courage; hope; excitement; help; hunger; kindness; noise; quietness; sleep; weakness; youth; terror; readiness; comfort; happiness; ease; truth; variety; presence; anxiety; gladness; heat; wonder; width; length; depth; height; absence; clearance; cleverness; cold; darkness; death; friend-ship; goodness; hardship; loneliness; beauty; fright; care; strength; broad-ness; health; wealth; whiteness; ugliness; cowardice; bravery; cruelty; mean-ness; generosity, description; joy; life; belief; opposite; lender.
EXERCISE XIII.
Tigress; princess; lioness; countess; woman; cow; duck; landlady; goose; widow; duchess; heiress; sow; heroine; goddess; nun; spinster; ewe; hostess; queen; waitress; niece; mare.
EXERCISE XIV.
Waiter; king; father-in-law; bridegroom; host; steward; brother; nephew; horse; cock (rooster); boy; hero; uncle; son; bachelor; heir; ram; god; monk; boar.
EXERCISE XV.
1) Bob’s father; 2) my brother’s book; 3) the girls’ cat; 4) her sister’s child; 5) the colonel’s order; 6) my mother’s room; 7) my family’s garden; 8) the boys’ trousers the bird’s cage; 10) Ann’s hamster; 11) children’s pets; 12) my aunt’s sister; 13) my brother’s money; 14) my great grandmother’s cat.
EXERCISE XVI.
1. He is a widower and he wants to get married. 2.Where is the hostess? In the room upstairs. 3. This bride is so ugly. 4. What interesting news! Is it burning? 5. Where is your new furniture? It is in the sitting room. 6. The li-oness roared at the lion cub. 7. The widow bought a flock of sheep. 8. The princess called her maidservant. 9. The duke brought the necklace. 10. The queen ordered the roast duck. 11. The landlady bought a herd of white oxen. 12. The actor and the actress performed wonderfully. 13. A swarm of bees was flying to the forest. 14. A pack of wild dogs ate two deer. 15. The flock of white sheep was led by the goat. 16. The staff of this hospital is wonder-ful. 17. The crew of the ship rebelled. 18. The bundle of dirty laundry was brought yesterday. 19. The audience listened to the concert very attentively. 20. Take this bundle of sticks. 21. This is the queen’s nephew and the duch-ess’s grandson. 22. This rice is so tasty. Give me some more, please. 23. Our photos were brought yesterday. 24. The crowd was carrying placards. 25. The gander is too fat, bring me the roast duck. 26. The earl bought a white mare. 27. These yellow balls are Katherine’s and blue ballons are Pete’s. 28. Everybody knows that Terry is John’s uncle. 29. We saw Tom’s castle and we liked it. 30. This basket is the aunt’s, don’t take it.
EXERCISE XVII.
1) is; 2) have; 3) —; 4) are; 5) was; 6) was; 7) are; 8) has; 9) was; 10) has.
EXERCISE XVIII.
1. The doctor asked the nurse to bring his glasses. They are on the table. 2. Where are my tweezers? Bring them, please. 3. This cloth feels soft and pleasant. 4. His knowledge of French is bad. 5. Your advice is wonderful. I shall use it. 6. She asked where her jeans were. 7. The police have been al-ready there. 8. Are these grapes tasty? Please, pass them to me. 9. Your clothes are in the closet (wardrobe). 10. My pyjamas are on the chair. 11. His courage is known to the whole army. 12. Irene had wonderful golden hair.
It was long and curly. 13. The contents of this novel are not interesting.
14. I forgot the pliers on the table. Please, bring them. 15. Money is the goods and the goods are the production. 16. This information has turned to be old. 17. Your tights are very nice. 18. Where did you buy these breeches? 19. Is this chalk white or grey? 20. This is an interesting news. Where did your hear it?
EXERCISE XIX.
1) are; 2) is; 3) is; 4) are; 5) are; 6) is; 7) are; 8) is; 9) are; 10) are;
11) are; 12) are; 13) is; 14) is; 15) are; 16) are.
EXERCISE XX.
1. The cats caught the mice 2. The leaves fell from the tree. 3. The men and the women went to the cinema. 4. The children saw the sheep in the field. 5. The feet of the deer crushed the flowers. 6. These sheep have white wool, those sheep have black wool. 7. The bookcases are made of oak. 8. The armies went into the battle. 9. I have invited my sisters-in-law for dinner. 10. He dropped pennies in the beggar’s hats.
EXERCISE XXI.
1) are; 2) are; 3) are; 4) is; 5) are; 6) are; 7) is; 8) are; 9) are; 10) is;
11) are; 12) are; 13) are; 14) is; 15) are.
EXERCISE XXII.
1) three hour; 2) a twenty dollar; 3) a nine room; 4) a cat food; 5) guest; 6) three day; 7) vegetable; 8) a two year; 9) a two day; 10) a twenty dollar; 11) vegetable; 12) guest; 13) student; 14) fruit; 15) dog.
EXERCISE XXIII.
1. is; 2. are; 3. is; 4. is; 5. is; 6. are; 7. are; 8. is; 9. are; 10. are; 11. is; 12. are; 13. use; 14. give; 15. is.
EXERCISE XXIV.
1. Most of the students go to London. 2. My scissors aren’t sharp enough. 3. Half of the girls made their hair-does. 4. Don’t buy bananas. This fruit goes rotten quickly in hot weather. 5. There are too many beans in this salad. 6. This pie isn’t tasty. There are very few prunes in it. 7. This ice cream tastes delicious. There are many apricots and few raisins in it. 8. This four-hour exam was too difficult for him. 9. Here you have a hundred dollar bill for your present. 10. I am going to buy a twenty-room house. 11. Do you al-ways buy dog food? — Yes, I do. 12. She has a three-year-old son and the boy is very naughty. 13. The blind always use the guide dogs. 14. Finnish isn’t difficult, is it? No, it is. 15. The old are very curious. 16. The poor in Sweden aren’t afraid for their future. 17. The Chinese are very industrious people. 18. The English always speak about the weather. 19. The United Kingdom of Great Britain is an island country. 20. A great number of stu-dents are absent today.
EXERCISE XXV.
1) phenomena; 2) symposia; 3) analyses; 4) bacteria; 5) cacti; 6) data; 7) formulae; 8) axis; 9) crises; 10) theses.
EXERCISE XXVI.
1) have moved; 2) red — brick; 3) sheep farmers; 4) twenty five year old; 5) house door; 6) the house windows; 7) hundred year old; 8) guest room;
9) an old fashioned; 10) like; 11) vegetable salad; 12) three day; 13) dog food; 14) cat food; 15) back.
EXERCISE XXVII.
1) Do you know what are the biggest zoos of the world? 2) She is fond of tattoos and made new ones. 3) We bought twenty kilos of sugar to cook jam. 4) This news is very pleasant and it pleased us. 5) His knowledge is the best in the group and he is the smartest student. 6) There was a lot of chalk on the table and we took it out. 7) The margin in the copy — book was wide and he started writing. 8) Where are our scissors? We want to have them sharpened. 9) The police have come and started to work. 10) The stairs were steep and it was difficult for the old lady to climb them up. 11) She sent him his belong-ings last week. 12) The knives can get rusty when they are put into the water. 13) The old man had two loaves of bread in his hands. 14) There were three safes in the office and they had their cash there. 15) There were two new kerchiefs on the table and she put four more. 16) The herd of elephants went slowly along the jungle. 17) The gaggle of geese went across the road
and we stopped it. 18) The school of sharks were floating near the sinking ship. 19) This famous actress worked as a waitress when she was young.
20) Valentyna Tereshkova is a famous woman cosmonaut. 21) She has been the host of this programme for a long time. 22) His bride went to Africa last year. 23) There are too many raisins in this salad. 24) I don’t like this ice — cream. There are too many cherries in it. 25) Twenty dollars is a very
big sum for him. 26) Two hundred miles is a large distance. 27) Japanese is too difficult for learning. 28) The Koreans are very industrious. 29) Her col-lection of cacti is much better than mine. 30) The blind always have guide dogs. 31) The rich have a lot of problems which cannot be solved. 32) It is very hard for the poor to live in our country. 33) These formulae were stolen from this scientist. 34) These phenomena are very interesting and we shall observe them.
ARTICLES
(KEY)
EXERCISE I.
1. a; 2. a; 3. —; 4. a; 5. —; 6. —; 7. a; 8. an; 9. an; 10. a; 11. —; 12. —; 13. — ; 14. a; 15. a.
EXERCISE II.
1. the; 2. the; 3. a; 4. the, the; 5. a, the; 6. a; 7. a; 8. the, a; 9. an; 10. the; 11. the; 12. a; 13. a; 14. the; 15. the; 16. a; 17. —; 18. a; 19. the; 20. a.
EXERCISE III.
1. — ;2. the; 3. the; 4. an; 5. an; 6. the; 7. the; 8. — ;9.the; 10. a; 11. a; 12. the; 13. a; 14. the; 15. the.
EXERCISE IV.
1. —, — ; 2. the; 3. the; 4. —; 5. the; —; 6. the; 7. —; 8. the, the; 9. the;
10. the; the; 11. —; 12. —; 13. the; 14. —; 15 the; 16. the; 17. — 18. —; 19. the; 20. the.
EXERCISE V.
1. —; 2. the; 3. —; 4. —; —; 5. the; 6. —; 7. the; 8. the; 9. the; 10. —;
11. the; 12. —; 13. the, the; 14. —; 15. —, the.
EXERCISE VI.
1. —; 2. —; 3. the; 4. the; 5. —; 6. —; 7. —, — ; 8. the; 9. —; 10. —.
EXERCISE VII.
1. —; 2. —; 3. —; 4. —; 5. a; 6. —; 7. a; 8. a; 9. —; 10. a.
EXERCISE VIII.
1. —; 2. a; 3. a; 4. —; 5. the; 6. the; 7. a; 8. —; 9. —; 10. —.
EXERCISE IX.
1. Sue is a very talented girl. 2. His father is a physicist and his mother is a doctor. 3. We’ll return in an hour and solve this problem. 4. Tony is reading a detective novel. 5. What a nice day! 6. Did you read the book I told you? 7. Give me an apple. 8. Is this the girl we met yesterday? 9. The whale is a large mammal. 10. The jackal belongs to the dog’s family.
11. This is such a tasty pie. 12. The weather is nice today. 13.They say that habit makes character. 14. This is a large room and it is rather light.
15. She wasn’t the Olia I knew ten years ago. 16. The Smiths are a very nice and friendly family. 17. I am reading a Conan Doyle now. 18. David always differs from the rest of the Browns. 19. He felt like a Tom Soyer. 20. There were a lot of books and she saw a Sheldon. 21. Canada is situ-ated in North America. 22.Paris is a capital of France. 23. Paul is going to the Kameroon. 24. They spent their holidays in the Tyrol. 25. The ship was in the Indian Ocean when the crew rebelled. 26. The Nile is one of the largest rivers in the world. 27. He had been catching the snakes in the Kara Kum. 28. Oceania is the smallest continent. 29. We went to Cyprus last summer. 30. St. James’s Park is just opposite Buckingham Palace. 31. We saw two performances in the Colliseum. 32. The Tretiakov Gallery has a nice collection of portraits. 33. Father always reads the Times on his week-ends. 34. When Sarah has a sore throat she always uses Strepsills.
35. Alfred had caught flue and hadn’t done his work. 36. She was invi-
ted to dinner and stayed. 37. I want to say that it was a special supper.
38. I bought a ready-made lunch and stayed in the office. 39. It was an early spring but the chestnuts were all in blossom. 40. It was a hot tropical night and it smelt flowers.
EXERCISE X.
1. —; 2. the; 3. the; 4. the; 5. —, —; 6. a; 7. the; 8. —; 9. the; 10. the;
11. the; 12. the; 13. the; 14. the; 15. the.
EXERCISE XI.
1) —, —, —; 2) —; 3) an, —, the; 4) —, the, the; 5) a, the, the; 6) a;
7) —; 8) a, —; 9) the; 10) —; 11) the; 12) the; 13) the; 14) the; 15) the;
16) —, —, —; 17) —, the, —; 18) the, the; 19) a, the; 20) a; 21) a; 22) —; 23) the; 24) —, —.
EXERCISE XII.
1) the; 2) the; 3) —, —, 4) a; 5) the; 6) the; 7) the; 8) the; 9) the;
10) the, 11) the, 12) the; 13) a; 14) the, 15) the.
EXERCISE XIII.
a; the; the; —; —; a; —; the; the; a; the; the; a; the; the; a; a.
EXERCISE XIV.
a; a; —; —; the; a; a; the; the; the; the; the; the; the; the; the; a; a;
the; —.
EXERCISE XV.
—; —; —; the; the; the; the; the; the; the; the; the; —; the; —; the; the; —; the; —; the; the; the; the; a; —; the; —; a; the; the; the; an; the; the; an; the; the; the; the; —; the.
EXERCISE XVI.
A PICTURE OF A MUSHROOM
One day a Frenchman, who was travelling in Sweden, came to a restau-rant. The Frenchman didn’t know Swedish and nobody could speak French at the restaurant. He wanted to have some mushrooms for his breakfast; so he called a waiter and asked him to bring some mushrooms. But the waiter couldn’t understand what the Frenchman wanted.
Then the Frenchman took a piece of paper and a pencil and drew a pic-ture of a mushroom. The waiter looked at the picture and left the room at once.
Five minutes later he returned with an umbrella.
EXERCISE XVII.
a; a; a; —; a; the; the; the; an; the; the; an; the; the; the; the; the;
the; the.
EXERCISE XVIII.
a; a; the; the; —; the; the; the; the; the; —; the; the; the.
EXERCISE XIX.
An; —; —; a; the; the; —; the; the; the; the; the; the.
EXERCISE XX.
1) —; 2) an; 3) —; 4) the; 5) —; 6) the; 7) —; 8) —; 9) a; 10) a;
11) —; 12) the; 13) —; 14) the; 15) a; 16) the; 17) the; 18) the; 19) —; 20) —; 21) the; 22) —; 23) —; 24) —; 25) —; 26) the; 27) —; 28) —; 29) —; 30) a; 31) the; 32) —; 33) —; 34) —; 35) —; 36) —; 37) —;
38) the; 39) —.
EXERCISE XXI.
1) I visited the Tretiakov Gallery last year. 2) Honey is always sweet.
3) They say weather can influence the mood of a person. 4) There is a book on the table. 5) He became as rich as a Monte Cristo. 6) Now she is not the Olia I knew ten years ago. 7) Most of the students went home. 8) She bought a dozen eggs. 9) The moon appeared in the sky. 10) This is the house we bought last year. 11) They saw a lion and an ostrich in the zoo. 12) They say love is blind. 13) We are planning to stay at the Browns.
14) They left school last year. 15) She likes to stay at the Savoy Hotel.
16) Brazil produces the best coffee. 17) Africa and Australia are washed by the Indian Ocean. 18) She was the only person I could ask. 19) Do you play the violin? No, I play the piano. 20) The English Channel is between England and France.
EXERCISE XXII.
1) a; 2) c; 3) c; 4) c; 5) c; 6) c; 7) c; 8) c; 9) c; 10) c; 11) c; 12) a; 13) a; 14) b; 15) c.
PRONOUNS
(KEY)
EXERCISE I.
1) he; 2) them; 3) her; 4) it; 5) me; 6) we; 7) I; 8) we; 9) them; 10) he.
EXERCISE II.
1. his; 2. hers; 3. ours; 4. mine; 5. ours; 6. his; 7. mine; 8. his; 9. yours; 10. theirs.
EXERCISE III.
1. him; 2. her; 3. us; 4. me; 5. them; 6. him; 7. us; 8. me; 9. her; 10. him; 11. yours; 12. theirs; 13. hers; 14. his; 15. mine.
EXERCISE IV.
1. himself; 2. itself; 3. themselves; 4. himself; 5. herself; 6. himself;
7. itself; 8. yourself; 9. themselves; 10. ourselves.
EXERCISE V.
1. himself; 2. themselves; 3. herself; 4. myself; 5. itself; 6. yourself;
7. themselves; 8. himself; 9. ourselves; 10. herself.
EXERCISE VI.
1. herself; 2. myself; 3. themselves; 4. himself; 5. yourself; 6. themselves; 7. myself; 8. himself; 9. themselves; 10. ourselves; 11. herself; 12. himself; 13. themselves; 14. herself; 15. myself.
EXERCISE VII.
1. We haven’t seen them for two years. 2. Her new car is very expensive. 3. I cannot help him. I have little time. 4. This book is not ours. Ours was newer. 5. This is not your trunk, it’s his. 6. Have you left your pen? Take mine. 7. Is this seat yours? Ours is taken. 8. Are these drawings hers or theirs? 9. The cat always washes itself. 10. I wish you could see yourself in the mirror. 11. People who live alone often talk to themselves. 12. He lifted himself up with his hands and climbed over the fence. 13. If you play with the knife, you can cut yourself. 14.When the petrol runs out in this car, it will stop itself. 15. The boys fell down the hill and hurt themselves. 16. She said that she didn’t know about it.
EXERCISE VIII.
1. these letters; 2. those hills; 3. these books; 4. these wallets; 5. these boxes; 6. those pictures; 7. these ideas; 8.those armchairs; 9. these boxes;
10. those slippers.
EXERCISE IX.
1.We haven’t any guests today. 2.Will you give me any pens? 3. The doctor didn’t give her any medicine. 4. Have you bought any envelopes to-day? 5. Is there any news he wants to tell you? 6. Do we need any lemons for the cake? 7. They don’t read any English books. 8. Are there any sheep in the yard? 9. We don’t see any cats near the rubbish box. 10. Do they keep any tools in the box?
EXERCISE X.
1. any; 2. some; 3. some; 4. any; 5. some; 6. any; 7. some; 8. some;
9. any; 10. any.
EXERCISE XI.
1) Are there any roses in the vase? 2) He didn’t have any documents to prepare. 3) Do we need any apples to buy today? 4) They didn’t translate any books from Japanese. 5) They didn’t put any milk into their coffee. 6) Did we buy any new furniture? 7) He doesn’t need any money for the redecoration.
8) Did the children make any new puppets for their performance? 9) There isn’t any juice in the glass. 10) We don’t have any new photos to show you.
EXERCISE XII.
1) We have never had any problems with our son. 2) Tom wanted to buy a few oranges. 3) Give me, please a few stamps. 4) Pour me, please a little milk into the coffee. 5) We have never had any problems with our car.
6) They bought a few new houses. 7) Do you have any lemons? 8) I see some sheep on the hill. 9) Can you give me some advice? 10) Don’t give him any money because he will spend it.
EXERCISE XIII.
1. something; 2. anything; 3. anybody; 4.nobody; 5. somebody; 6. some-thing; 7. nobody; 8. anybody; 9. something; 10. somebody; 11. anywhere; 12. somewhere; 13. nowhere; 14. anybody; 15. nothing; 16. nobody.
EXERCISE XIV.
1) somebody; 2) something; 3) somewhere; 4) anybody; 5) anybody;
6) something; 7) anybody; 8) something; 9) anything; 10) anywhere;
11) anybody; 12) something; 13) anybody; 14) somewhere; 15) something.
EXERCISE XV.
1. every; 2. every; 3. everybody, everything; everybody; 3. everything;
5. any; 6. everything, anything; 7. everything; 8. anything; 9. every; 10. eve-rybody.
EXERCISE XVI.
1) Has anybody seen the children? 2) We cannot find this book any-where. 3) Somebody is walking on the hill. 4) Is there anything to eat in the fridge? 5) There was something big on the table. 6) I have put my pencil somewhere and cannot find it. 7) Somebody was walking in the garden and singing a song. 8) Have you seen anything interesting at the exhibition?
9) Call anybody else to help us. 10) Have you anything interesting to read?
EXERCISE XVII.
1. none; 2. nothing; 3. nothing; 4. none; 5. none; 6. nobody; 7. nothing;
8. nobody; 9. nothing; 10. none.
EXERCISE XVIII.
1) none; 2) nothing; 3) auven’t … anything; 4) nobody; 5) nowhere;
6) didn’t anybody; 7) nothing; 8) nowhere; 9) can’t … anybody; 10) nobody.
EXERCISE XIX.
1. There was somebody in the corridor. 2. He knew he could go some-where else. 3. The night was so light that we saw something in the darkness. 4. We shall read something more interesting; 5. Somebody has finished this exercise. 6. This quarrel will lead to somewhere. 7. Did anything grow in her beds because she planted something this year? 8. He hasn’t changed so much and everybody recognizes him. 9. Did they do anything to help us in this situation? 10. Can you see anything out of here?
EXERCISE XX.
1) When we looked outside there was nobody there. 2) I think nothing se-rious has happened. 3) Children can be seen nowhere. They may have run to play outside. 4) The fridge is empty, there is nothing there. 5) Nobody knew how to do this exercise. 6) I know nothing about this family. 7) He has been going nowhere lately. 8) There was nobody in the classroom. 9) He brought nothing interesting. 10) None of us knew what to do.
EXERCISE XXI.
1) ones; 2) one; 3) ones; 4) one; 5) ones; 6) one; 7) one; 8) one;
9) ones; 10) ones.
EXERCISE XXII.
1.These trees were planted last year. 2.This room is three times as large as ours. 3.Those mountains are too far away. 4. That picture reminded me of my childhood. 5. I know every student in this group. 6. None of the guests asked her. 7. He never argues with anybody. 8. They understood nothing of what he had said. 9. Would you like something to eat?
10. Somebody is ringing near the door. Open the door. 11. There is some-body in the next room. 12. He knows something about this. 13. I don’t have any tickets. 14. Put some water into the vase, the flowers are dying (wilting). 15. Benson never gives any money to his wife. 16. The doctor gave me some medicine for my cough. 17. Is it that woman? Which one? The one in the green dress. 18. Do you know the Browns? Are they the ones who live in the opposite house? 19. Pass me the apple please. Which one? The red one. 20. Which sweater do you like? The yellow one.
21. None of them knew about it. 22. I think that nothing had happened.
23. When he came into the room there was nobody there. 24. It was so dark that we saw nothing.
EXERCISE XXIII.
1) many; 2) a lot of; 3) much; 4) a lot of; 5) much; 6) a lot of; 7) a lot of; 8) many; 9) much; 10) a lot of; 11) a lot of; 12) a lot of; 13) many; 14) much; 15) a lot of.
EXERCISE XXIV.
1) few; 2) little; 3) few; 4) few; 5) little; 6) a little; 7) a few; 8) a few; 9) a little; 10) little.
EXERCISE XXV.
1. We have seen a lot of interesting things this summer. 2. I have only a few new books. 3. Very few tourists were in the Crimea last summer. 4. Give me a little milk, please. 5. He has few clients. He has too little experience.
6. A lot of scientists came to this symposium. 7. They bought a few new desks. 8. There were a lot of cakes at the party. 9. I bought a few new dresses. 10. There is little sugar in this coffee.
EXERCISE XXVI.
1) another; 2) the other; 3) another; 4) other; 5) another; 6) another;
7) the others; 8) another; 9) others; 10) the other.
EXERCISE XXVII.
1) either; 2) neither; 3) both; 4) either; 5) both; 6) either; 7) neither;
8) both; 9) either; 10) neither, both.
EXERCISE XXVIII.
1) both; 2) either; 3) both; 4) neither; 5) either, both; 6) either;
7) either, both; 8) neither; 9) either, both; 10) both.
EXERCISE XXIX.
1) both; 2) all; 3) all; 4) all; 5) both; 6) all; 7) all; 8) both; 9) all; 10) all; 11) all; 12) all; 13) half; 14) both; 15) all.
EXERCISE XXX.
1) his; 2) he; 3) eyes; 4) his; 5) he; 6) his; 7) he; 8) his; 9) his;
10) both; 11) each other; 12) nobody; 13) everybody; 14) himself; 15) his.
EXERCISE XXXI.
1. None of them wanted to loose his chance. 2. My aunt bought the house in Florida last year. 3. Give them this book. They must do their homework. 4. This house is rather small. Ours is bigger. 5. There is a page missing in this book. Take ours. 6. It is not their pen, it is ours. Theirs is on the table.
7. He cut himself while shaving. 8. The hunter wounded himself. It is an ac-cident. 9. They do everything themselves. 10. Everybody should know this rule. 11. You must put everything into the trunk and give it to me. 12. None of us knew what had happened in the wood. 13. Is anybody at home today? 14. Nothing can be seen out of this window. It is so dirty. 15. Where is my wallet? It is somewhere in the bag. 16. They didn’t invite anybody to their party. 17. Where is Petro? I cannot find him anywhere. 18. He does every-thing to finish his work in time. 19. We can do nothing to help him. 20. This dress is the best. Which one? The green one. 21. She likes these shoes very much. Which ones? The brown ones. 22. Have you any money? Yes, a little. 23. Do you have any new books? Yes, a few. 24. Here are two cakes, one is for you, the other is for Kate. 25. This apple is bad, take another one.
26. Here you can see a lot of cars. Some are new, others are old.
EXERCISE XXXII.
1) c; 2) a; 3) c; 4) a; 5) b; 6) c; 7) a; 8) a; 9) b; 10) c; 11) b; 12) b; 13) b; 14) a; 15) b.
ADJECTIVES
(KEY)
EXERCISE I.
1) this; 2) that; 3) those; 4) these; 5) this; 6) those; 7) these; 8) this;
9) these; 10) those.
EXERCISE II.
1) every; 2) each; 3) each; 4) neither; 5) either; 6) neither; 7) each;
8) every; 9) either; 10) each, every; 11) either; 12) every; 13) each;
14) either; 15) neither.
EXERCISE III.
1) little; 2) few; 3) any; 4) no; 5) any; 6) many; 7) any; 8) one; 9) any; 10) few; 11) some; 12) no; 13) few; 14) no; 15) little; 16) few; 17) no;
18) much; 19) many; 20) twenty.
EXERCISE IV.
1) its; 2.their; 3) our; 4) her; 5) your; your; 6) its, its; 7) her; 8) his, his; 9) our; 10) your; 11) their; 12) my; 13) her; 14) his; 15) my; 16) its; 17) my;
18) our; 19) her; 20) your.
EXERCISE V.
1) young; 2) golden; 3) round, big; 4) cool; 5) big, blue; 6) new; 7) fat; 8) thin, tall; 9) red, yellow; 10) silver; 11) oval, golden; 12) hot; 13) thin; 14) cool, dull; 15) old, dirty; 16) tall, slim; 17) heavy; 18) leather; 19) Japa-nese; 20) tall, fat.
EXERCISE VI.
1) candle-lit; 2) long playing; 3) quick-witted; 4) a hundred year old;
5) two hour; 6) ten minute; 7) second hand; 8) the nineteenth century; 9) first rate; 10) 10 pound, 11) a two litre jar, 12) six hundred year old, 13) a six foot, 14) three day, 15) a first rate, 16) a third floor, 17) second hand,
18) eighteenth century, 19) grey haired, 20) long playing, 21) kind hearted, 22) quick-witted, 23) two litre jar, 24) six foot hole, 25) second hand cars.
EXERCISE VII.
1) twice as long. 2) half as much. 3) half as much again. 4) three times as high. 5) one third of the length. 6) twice as sweet. 7) twice as sour. 8) twice as old. 9) twice as large. 10) twice as wide. 11) one hundred books more.
12) fifty pages less. 13) half the price of. 14) twice as long. 15) one fifth
of size.
EXERCISE VIII.
1. These books were bought last summer. 2. This house is twice as much. 3. Look at those vegetables, they are so nice. 4. I like neither shops. 5. Each student takes written tests. 6. There were twenty girls in that group. 7. There are not many peach tree in my orchid. 8. I’ve bought some sugar for the cakes. 9.Those problems are only mine 10. His gloves are on the ta-ble. Take them away. 11. Our compositions have been already checked.
12. He always liked her long golden hair. 13. This house is new but it has been built so badly. 14. All the rooms of this palace are oval and square. 15. It was a cool spring day. 16. The sun shone in the blue sky. 17. He was presented a Swiss watch. 18. They say that Japanese TV-sets are the best. 19. It was a fat, kind — hearted woman. 20. Their son’s name was Bobby. It was a nice two — year old boy. 21. It was a long three-hour journey which made them extremely tired. 22. She was always fond of eighteenth century novels. 23. Their two hundred year old palace is very nice and we are going to buy it. 24. This three hour meeting made me very tired.
25. My ten dollar T-shirt looks better than her one hundred dollar one.
26. The lake in the forest is twice as large as the one in the park.
27. Dad’s gloves are twice as warm. 28. This park is half the size of ours. 29. This T- shirt is one third the price on sale. 30. My room is half the width of yours. 31. These rooms are five times as high. 32. This street is twice as clean. 33. My brother is half as young as I am. 34. The new road is one of length of the old one. 35. Our house is twice as high as theirs.
36. These vegetebles are twice as clean. 37. Her dress is twice as beautiful as mine. 38. Your fishing — rod is half as long. 39. Our yard is three times as wide. 40. His car is twice as new.
EXERCISE IX.
Old — older — the oldest; pretty — prettier — the prettiest; young — younger — the youngest; cold — colder — the coldest; cheap — cheaper — the cheapest; big — bigger — the biggest; fat — fatter — the fattest; thin — thinner — the thinnest; large — larger — the largest; hot — hotter — the hottest; wet- wetter — the wettest; funny — funnier — the funniest; good — better — the best; far — farther — the farthest; small — smaller — the smallest; long — longer — the longest; lazy — lazier — the laziest; warm –warmer — the warmest; dark — darker — the darkest; short — shorter — the shortest; heavy — heavier — the heaviest; easy — easier — the easiest; difficult — more difficult — the most difficult; important — more impor-tant — the most important; intelligent — more intelligent — the most intel-ligent; beautiful — more beautiful — the most beautiful; expensive — more expensive — the most expensive; strong — stronger — the strongest; inter-esting — more interesting — the most interesting; famous — more fa-mous — the most famous; comfortable — more comfortable — the most famous; nervous — more nervous — the most nervous; happy — happier — the happiest; sweet — sweeter — the sweetest; high — higher — the high-est; tall — taller — the tallest.
EXERCISE X.
1) the funniest; 2) simplier; 3) the youngest; 4) warmer; 5) the coldest;
6) smaller; 7) heavier; 8) hotter; 9) smarter; 10) softer; 11) taller; 12) the quietest; 13) stronger; 14) longer; 15) the shortest; 16) the nearest; 17) the kindest; 18) milder; 19) lazier; 20) angrier; 21) the happiest.
EXERCISE XI.
1) more dangerous; 2) the most beautiful; 3) more interesting; 4) more fashionable; 5) the most intelligent; 6) more difficult; 7) the most roman-tic; 8) the most wonderful; 9) more curious; 10) the most wonderful;
11) more delicious; 12) the most dangerous; 13) the most difficult;
14) the most interesting; 15) more romantic; 16) the most curious; 17) the most beautiful; 18) more intelligent; 19) the most fashionable; 20) the most difficult.
EXERCISE XII.
1) more tired; 2) the most surprised; 3) more crowded; 4) more amused; 5) the most annoyed; 6) the most bored; 7) more tired; 8) more bored; 9) the most surprised; 10) the most crowded; 11) more surprised; 12) the most bored; 13) more annoyed; 14) more tired; 15) more crowded; 16) more amused.
EXERCISE XIII.
1) pleasanter (more pleasant); 2) narrower (more narrow); 3) the clev-erest (the most clever); 4) the stupidest (the most stupid); 5) the politest
(the most polite); 6) narrower (more narrow); 7) the politest (the most
polite); 8) cleverer (more clever); 9) the pleasantiest (the most plea-
sant); 10) the most stupid (the stupidiest); 11) the narrowest (the most narrow); 12) the cleverest (the most clever); 13) the most stupid (the stu-pidiest); 14) the politest (the most polite); 15) the most pleasant (the pleasantiest).
EXERCISE XIV.
1) the fattest; 2) the wettest; 3) the hottest; 4) biggest; 5) sadder; 6) flatter;
7) thinner, 8) hotter; 9) thinner, bigger; 10) the saddest; 11) the flattest;
12) bigger; 13) the wettest; 14) hotter; 15) fatter.
EXERCISE XV.
2) the smallest; 3) the oldest; 4) elder; 5) the farthest; 6) more; 7) the coldest; 8) the worst; 9) the least; 10) better; 11) more; 12) the eldest; 13) the smallest; 14) elder; 15) the oldest.
EXERCISE XVI.
1) is a lot of snow; 2) many armchairs; 3) are twice as many; 4) the smartest; 5) the most crowded; 6) fatter, bigger; 7) the worst; 8) the best; 9) the most tired; 10) more beautiful.
EXERCISE XVII.
1) bad; 2) thin to gain; 3) thinner; 4) old, smallest; 5) the coldest; 6) nar-row, dirty; 7) the cruelest; 8) late; 9) easy, and; 10) poor.
EXERCISE XVIII.
1) There were high mounrains in that area. 2) The river was very deep and we were afraid to dive. 3) Tammy bought a lovely dress. 4) The deer sniffed the fresh air and looked around. 5) They had five difficult tests but they managed to do them. 6) The elephant is a very intelligent animal. 7) My suitcase was very heavy and we took a porter. 9) That villa was fashionable and we decided to buy it. 10) The day was rainy and cold, so Peggy took our umbrella.
EXERCISE XIX.
1. It was the most interesting fairy tale which I had ever listened to.
2. It’s a pity this day was the shortest. (I wish this day were the longest).
3. Ann is the eldest in the family. 4. It is warmer outside today than it was yesterday. 5. This dress is the most fashionable of all you have bought.
6. The stock exchange was more crowded than the stadium. 7. You are more tired today than we are. Go and rest. 8. This old lady is more annoyed than my granddad. 9. This river is one of the narrowest rivers of this country.
10. This boy is cleverer than the whole group. 11. This sofa is pleasanter than that one. 12. It seems to me that this is the hottest day of the year.
13. He looks sadder than yesterday. 14. This piece of meat is fatter, don’t take it. 15. I need thinner sandwiches. I don’t like thick ones. 16. She lives in the farthest district of the city. 17. Our granddad is the oldest in the city.
18. Look at this box. It is the smallest of all. 19. I suppose this day to be the worst. 20. This text is more complicated than that one.
EXERCISE XX.
1) unhappy; 2) unexpected; 3) illegal; 4) uncomfortable; 5) impossible; 6) impatient; 7) unpleasant; 8) impolite; 9) improbable; 10) irresponsible.
EXERCISE XXI.
1) active; 2) attractive; 3) reasonable; 4) beautiful; 5) misterious;
6) manly; 7) scientific; 8) logical; 9) high; 10) angry.
EXERCISE XXII.
1) professional; 2) qualified; 3) ambitious; 4) suspectable; 5) historical; 6) daily; 7) useful; 8) satisfactory; 9) communicative; 10) dramatic.
EXERCISE XXIII.
1) my; 2) his; 3) small; 4) picturesque; 4) green roof; 5) two hour jour-ney; 6) were; 7) nice; 8) more tired; 9) the nicest; 10) each; 11) tender;
12) wonderful; 13) the; 14) wonderful; 15) more wonderful.
EXERCISE XXIV.
1) b; 2) d; 3) c; 4) b; 5) c; 6) b; 7) b; 8) c; 9) c; 10) c.
EXERCISE XXV.
1) These trees have been growing here for a long time and we want to plant the new ones. 2) That star is too far and we don’t know its name.
3) Neither child came to the skating rink in the evening. 4) I have put lit-tle sugar into the coffee. 5) Twenty students study in this group. 6) His aunt is a famous scientist and he is proud of her. 7) They washed their hands and began their dinner. 8) They brought their home tasks. 9) The weather was dry and hot. I wish it were cold. 10) She was given a Japa-nese camera and a Swiss watch as presents. 11) There are new and old houses surrounded by the trees. 12) Our trunk is too heavy and we need a porter. 13) It was a first class car and I was glad I had bought it. 14) This two — hour meeting made me tired. 15) This three hundred year castle was redecorated two years ago. 16) A tall grey haired man entered the room. 17) We bought a second — hand car and wanted to sell it. 18) This tree is three times as high as that one. 19) This road is one fifth the length. 20) Our sofa is twice as much as theirs. 21) This event is the most interesting in our life. 22) Dolphins are cleverer than cows. 23) She had the most surprised face I had ever seen. 24) I need thinner sandwiches.
I don’t like thick ones. 25) Our granddad is the oldest in the town.
26) Look at this box! It is the smallest of all. 27) She lives in the farthest district of the city. 28) I suppose this day to be the worst. 29) This test was more complicated than that one. 30) This novel is the latesr this year. 31) Our children are twice as disobedient as the children of the Browns. 32) This horse is five times as much. 33) The new clock is half the size.
34) This cat is twice as witty. 35) This hall is one third the size.
ADVERBS
(KEY)
EXERCISE I.
1) dangerously; 2) quietly; 3) careful ; 4) happily; 5) terribly; 6) badly;
7) seriously; 8) immediately; 9) quick; 10) heavily.
EXERCISE II.
1) luckily; 2) probably; 3) fortunately; 4) surely; 5) obviously; 6) actu-ally; 7) in fact; 8) in my opinion; 9) of course; 10) undoubtedly.
EXERCISE III.
1) fast; 2) good; 3) fine; 4) wonderful; 5) awful; 6) deeply; 7) long;
8) monthly; 9) low; 10) hard; 11) loud; 12) good; 13) beautiful; 14) angry;
15) sad;
EXERCISE IV.
1) hardly; 2) lately; 3) highly; 4) hard; 5) near; 6) close; 7) high; 8) most; 9) late; 10) mostly, 11) lately, 12) hardly, 13) nearly, 14) highly, 15) most; 16) directly; 17) shortly; 18) deeply; 19) completely; 20) freely.
EXERCISE V.
1) wonderfully; 2) delicious; 3) slowly; 4) hungrily; 5) famous; 6) qui-etly; 7) good; 8) nearly; 9) lately; 10) noisily, 11) delicious, 12) nice, 13) aw-ful, 14) beautiful, 15) pretty.
EXERCISE VI.
1. Probably they will bring these materials tomorrow. 2. Actually he won’t come today. 3. In my opinion you should do yourself. 4. Luckily they had understood it before he left. 5. In fact it was her mistake. 6. He moved fast as he spoke fast too turning to everybody. 7. Tom has been working hard since early morning. 8. He got up rather late and thought for a long time. 9. We hardly saw this mistake in the composition.
10. Mr. Green is one of the highly qualified surgeons. 11. He has learnt about it recently and he was terribly disappointed. 12. We nearly over-slept yesterday. 13. When my friend comes to Kyiv he mostly visits op-era and ballet theatre. 14. This breakfast tastes wonderful. 15. He paints awfully, he really has no talent. 16. Pavarotti sings beautifully. 17. Dan-ielle Steel had become famous since the time her films were screened.
18. Alan played wonderfully at yesterday’s tournament. 19. Everybody knows that Ulanova danced beautifully. 20. He always walks noisily and wakes up the others.
EXERCISE VII.
1) somewhere; 2) anywhere; 3) nowhere; 4) there; 5) over; 6) away;
7) here; 8) down; 9) round and round; 10) in; 11) here; 12) somewhere.
EXERCISE VIII.
1) still; 2) yet, still; 3) immediately; 4) today; 5) tomorrow; 6) early;
7) afterwards; 8) now; 9) since; 10) soon; 11) before; 12) recently.
EXERCISE IX.
1) always; 2) once, twice; 3) usually; 4) rarely; 5) ever; 6) frequ¬ently, always; 7) repeatedly; 8) occasionally; 9) periodically; 10) hardly ever.
EXERCISE X.
1. I cannot find my keys anywhere. Where did you put them? 2. We looked through everything all over around but didn’t find her. 3. He is somewhere not very far from here. I shall call him. 4. All pears fell down on the ground. 5. Only here you will find the best vegetables. 6. Call the police immediately. There is a burglar in the flat. 7. We have written two tests today. 8. They have received a new flat recently. 9. He is still run-ning in the yard. 10. I don’t like to get up early in the morning but I must. 11. The director hasn’t come yet but I hope he will come soon. 12. We have seldom seen each other lately. 13. They hardly ever speak to
each other because they have lack of time. 14. She visited us once or twice but she never told anything. 15. We sometimes gather together and dance.
EXERCISE XI.
Faster — the fastest; sooner — the soonest; more often — the most often; higher — the highest; lower — the lowest; deeper — the deepest; longer — the longest; later — the latest; earlier — the earliest; nearer — the nearest; more carefully — the most carefully; more stupidly — the most stupidly; more beautifully — the most beautifully; more terribly — the most terribly; more nicely — the most nicely; more happily — the most happily; more specifically — the most specifically; more quickly — the most quickly; more politely — the most politely; more clealy — the most clearly; more seriously — the most seriously; more nervously — the most nervously; more perfectly — the most perfectly; more slowly — the most slowly; more impolitely — the most impolitely; more care-lessly — the most carelessly.
EXERCISE XII.
1) earlier, 2) quieter, 3) longer, 4) thinner, 5) harder, 6) farther, 7) less,
8) more efficiently, 9) faster, faster, 10) the most beautifully.
EXERCISE XIII.
1) more fluently; 2) more deeply; 3) more seldom; 4) beautifully;
5) completely; 6) deeply; 7) seldom; 8) wrongly; 9) nearly; 10) directly;
11) nervously; 12) foolishly; 13) well; 14) painfully; 15) perfectly; 16) sus-piciously; 17) beautifully; 18) secretly; 19) carefully; 20) angrily.
EXERCISE XIV.
1) nowhere; 2) somewhere; 3) anywhere; 4) there; 5) away; 6) anywhere; 7) nowhere, here; 8) everywhere; 9) down; 10) round and round; 11) no-where; 12) round and round; 13) somewhere, here; 14) anywhere; 15) here, there; 16) away; 17) everywhere; 18) somewhere, here; 19) round and round; 20) over.
EXERCISE XV.
1) soon; 2) early; 3) still; 4) just; 5) then; 6) lately; 7) since; 8) yet; 9) soon; 10) early; 11) immediately; 12) late; 13) late; 14) now, later; 15) twice; 16) soon; 17) now; 18) still, soon; 19) from, till; 20) once, twice, then.
EXERCISE XVI.
1) busily; 2) kindly; 3) carefully: 4) beautifully; 5) well; 6) badly;
7) tactlessly; 8) naturally; 9) hurriedly; 10) wonderfully; 11) coldly;
12) quickly; 13) naturally; 14) loudly; 15) cordially, warmly; 16) curiously; 17) dryly; 18) foolishly; 19) heavily; 20) nobly.
EXERCISE XVII.
1) quietly; 2) Luckily we … ; 3) fast; 4) wonderful; 5) high up; 6) won-derfully; 7) once or twice; 8) better; 9) nowhere; 10) shyly.
EXERCISE XVIII.
1. I have met him recently and haven’t recognized him. 2. She had pre-sented her nephew generously before her departure to Canada. 3. We practi-cally haven’t seen each other lately. 4. He was deeply insulted of what had happened. 5. The girl smiled nervously and stretched the doll to her friend.
6. They were sitting silently and looked suspiciously at each other.
7. Speaking frankly, I wanted to change this car last year. 8. She makes
injections very carefully and I trust her. 9. He speaks German fluently.
10. I shall go nowhere today because I feel rather tired. 11. Look for this key somewhere else and you may find it. 12. Look around and you’ll see a lot of flowers and trees. 13. Bees were everywhere and even the roofs of the houses were covered with bees. 14. The doctor was sent for immediately.
15. We have written two tests today. 16. Dave had brought the papers before we came. 17. Linda always gets up early in the morning. 18. The children are still in the room. 19. He hasn’t come yet. 20. Rock music is very popular nowadays. 21. Katia smiled shyly and closed the book. 22. The students learn Spanish systematically and speak Spanish fluently. 23. Pavlo behaved tactlessly and offended everybody. 24. The aunt greeted us cordially. 25. My cousin answered dryly and left the room. 26. Speaking angrily they went along the riverbank. 27. It was raining heavily and we got wet. 28. Olga looked curiously and stretched the documents. 29. George hurriedly left the room without saying a word. 30. The queen looked coldly at the counselor and pointed to the chair. 31. The scientists took this manuscript carefully and wrapped it into the paper.
EXERCISE XIX.
1) hurriedly; 2) around; 3) carefully; 4) again; 5) quickly; 6) suspiciously; 7) comfortably; 8) quietly; 9) soon; 10) there.
EXERCISE XX.
1) c; 2) c; 3) c; 4) c; 5) b; 6) c; 7) c; 8) c; 9) c; 10) c.
NUMERALS
(KEY)
EXERCISE I.
One, two, six, nine, five, eight, fifteen, twenty, thirty one, forty two, sixty eight, forty four, sixty one, eighty two, seventy five, ninety nine, one hun-dred oh two, one hundred twenty, one hundred thirty, two hundred forty one, three hundred forty seven, one thousand one, two thousand one hundred ten, seventeen, twenty two, thirty five, one hundred fifty eight, ten thousand three hundred twenty two, one million two hundred thirty four thousand five hun-dred sixty seven, sixty nine, eighty seven, ninety five, twenty six, five hun-dred sixty three, six hundred seventy nine, seven hundred twenty three, eight hundred fifty five, nine hundred eighty two.
EXERCISE II.
1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 12, 8, 13, 20, 27, 22, 35, 43, 58, 62, 79, 100, 140, 172, 230, 1500, 14, 18, 8, 2000.
One, two, four, six, seven, nine, twelve, eight, thirteen, twenty, twenty seven, twenty two, thirty five, forty three, fifty eight, sixty two, seventy nine, one hundred, one hundred forty, one hundred seventy two, two hun-dred thirty, one thousand five hundred, fourteen, eighteen, eight, two thou-sand.
EXERCISE III.
1) room four; 2) flat eighty two; 3) street five; 4) tram six; 5) carriage ten; 6) bus thirty; 7) trolley bus twenty; 8) room forty; 9) street seven;
10) carriage eight.
EXERCISE IV.
1. They planted ten cherry trees and twenty apple trees.
2. One hundred and two houses have been built for this year.
3. There are one thousand people in this line.
4. Where is room four? Room four is on the first floor.
5. You can take bus five and get to Khreschatyk.
6. Where is Ann? She is in carriage two.
7. Is this Shovkovychna street five?
8. Where did you see trolley bus ten? Round the corner.
9. Tram three doesn’t run here any longer.
10. Flat one hundred is in the twentieth floor.
EXERCISE V.
First, second, third, fifth, seventh, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, sixte-
enth, twenty second, thirty fourth, eighth, ninth, hundredth, seventy first, one hundred twentieth, thirteenth, fourteenyh, fifteenth, seven-teenth, thirtieth, fortieth, fiftieth, sixty seventh, ninety eighth, two hun-dredth.
EXERCISE VI.
Second, fifth, seventh, ninth, eighth, tenth, eleventh, thirteenth, fifteenth, seventeenth, twenty first, thirty second, forty sixth, fifty seventh, sixty third, hundredth, one hundred first, thousandth, millionth.
EXERCISE VII.
1) five; 2) the second; 3) twenty; 4) the fifth; 5) six; 6) ten; 7) seven;
8) three; 9) the eleventh; 10) eight.
EXERCISE VIII.
1) Page six in this book is dirty. 2) It was the millionth visitor and
he got a present. 3) They live on the first floor. 4) It was the hundredth letter which she had received. 5) Jane was the first who helped us. 6) He came the second time but there was nobody home. 7) It was the second part of the novel. 8) Unit three is more interesting than unit two. 9) He has read paragraph nine. 10) It was the thirteenth sentence which I had translated.
EXERCISE IX.
A twenty fifth; two eleventh; a fifth; a twelfth; a thirty fifth; two fourth; four fifth; two sixth; a thirtieth; two seventh; a fifteenth; three eighth; two ninth; a third; three sixth; five eighth; two point one; one point two; three point four; six point two; ten point five; twelve point three; four point six; twenty point eight; forty point three; one hundred point two; one point five; two point five; fifty point three; twenty point three.
EXERCISE X.
A tenth; two fifth; three seventeenth; a eighth; four sixth; a two; four sev-enth; two hundredth; one point two; point three; four point six; ten point seven; fifteen point eight; twenty point three; one hundred point seven.
EXERCISE XI.
1) the first; 2) five; 3) the sixth; 4) twenty; 5) the second, the first one;
6) three; 7) the second; 8) six; 9) the tenth; 10) twelve.
EXERCISE XII.
1) b; 2) a; 3) b; 4) a; 5) b; 6) c; 7) b; 8) a; 9) a; 10) b.
EXERCISE XIII.
1) Ayton Road, ten; 2) two; 3) the first; 4) room; 5) two; 6) a lot of;
7) ten; 8) go; 9) bus ten; 10) is; 11) six; 12) seven.
EXERCISE XIV.
1) She bought three dresses and two pairs of shoes. 2) My flat costs fifty thousand dollars. 3) Room eight is on the first floor. 4) He took bus forty and got to the center. 5) The children are in carriage six and the teacher is with them. 6) Vasyl lives in Teatralna street seventy two.
7) Tram seven doesn’t run here any longer. 8) Flat three is on the sixth floor. 9) There are thirty four units in this book. 10) It is the millionth citizen of our city.
PREPOSITIONS
(KEY)
EXERCISE I.
1) in; 2) in; 3) in ; 4) in; 5) in … opinion; 6) in; 7) in ; 8) in; 9) in; 10) in; 11) in; 12) in; 13) in; 14) in ;15) on; 16) under; 17) in; 18) in; 19) in; 20) in, in.
EXERCISE II.
1. with; 2. behind; 3. without; 4. in; 5. inside; 6. outside; 7. on; 8. in be-tween; 9. outside; 10. on; 11. in; 12. on; 13. on; 14. in, in; 15. with.
EXERCISE III.
1. at dawn, at night 2. at home 3. threw at 4. working at 5. at once
6. shouts at 7. at first 8. at least 9. at all costs 10. laugh at 11. surprised at
12. good at 13. at war 14. at dawn 15. at peace 16. at a speed of 17. at war 18. at the same time 19. at the bottom 20. at work 21. at the door 22. At worst 23. at dinner 24. at dawn 25. at all 26. at the beginning 27. At the end 28. shooting at 29. at the … beginning 30. in, out; in.
EXERCISE IV.
1. one by one 2. by chance 3. by heart 4. by name 5. by profession 6. by train 7. step by step 8. by the way 9. by mistake 10. day by day 11. by the hand 12. divide … by 13. by plane 14. by surprise 15. mean by 16. by mis-take 17. divide … by 18. by accident 19. by sea 20. step by step 21. mean by 22. judge by 23. by profession 24. by the way 25. by name.
EXERCISE V.
1. for 2. for 3. for 4. for 5. for 6. for 7. For the 8. for 9. for 10. for, for 11. for 12. for 13. for 14. for 15. for 16. for 17. for 18. for 19. for 20. for 21. for 22. for 23. for 24. for 25. for.
EXERCISE VI.
1. We went across the bridge and turned to the forest. 2. Tom was going wearily along the road and was thinking about his own problems. 3. This book was without any title. 4. He was standing behind the door crying.
5. Instead of going we stayed. 6. The dog was barking outside.7. Every-thing all around was covered with snow.8. Ted didn’t come because of the rain. 9. Everybody saw that Tom and Becky were in love with each other. 10. I like to walk in the rain very much. 11. In fact they didn’t pass four exams. 12. The Thompsons always cook barbecue in the open air.13. He turned and saw the man dressed in black. 14. We keep everything in secret from Helen. 15. Clara tried to get this stamp but it was in vain. 16. In Ukraine children go to school at the age of seven. 17. The travellers started at dawn and arrived only late at night. 18. Tom shouted at the kitten and it ran to the door. 19. They knocked at the door twice but nobody opened it. 20. Steve throw the stone at the crow and it flew away. 21. Emma has been working at the article for a fortnight. 22. It was at night and nothing could be seen. 23. They fell in love at first sight and got married in three days. 24. The correspondents tried to get all materials at all costs. 25. Children laughed at the kitten when it was running after the string. 26. It all hap-pened at the beginning of the performance. 27. The students were surprised by his coming here. 28. He was the best at math and physics. 29. The pas-sengers entered the bus one by one. 30. I don’t like to learn poems by heart. 31. The sportsmen were running at the stadium day by day.32. By the way, where did you buy these dictionaries? 33. The soldiers moved slowly, step by step, along the mountain path. 34. I don’t like to travel by plane, I prefer to travel by train. 35. John Lennon is famous for his songs. 36. His parents’ve left this country forever and they are not going to come back. 37. Ann goes for a walk every evening. 38. I’m making this toy for the first time. 39. We cannot do this for several reasons. 40. The sailors hope for better weather.
EXERCISE VII.
1) borrow from; 2) recovered from; 3) tell … from; 4) from bad to worse; 5) from memory; 6) from time to time; 7) from side to side; 8) from morning till night; 9) from the beginning to the end; 10) from French; 11) from the beginning; 12) from behind; 13) tell from; 14) from morning till night;
15) From our point of view.
EXERCISE VIII.
1) cut … into; 2) divide … in; 3) translated … into; 4) take into consid-eration; 5) divided … into; 6) cut … into; 7) are taken into consideration; 8) into; 9) cut … into; 10) divided … in.
EXERCISE IX.
1) remind … of; 2) afraid of; 3) is ashamed of; 4) tired of; 5) full of;
6) fond of; 7) proud of; 8) of great value; 9) get rid of; 10) takes care of;
11) make use of; 12) to take advantage of; 13) consists of; 14) accused … of; 15) full of.
EXERCISE X.
1) day after day; 2) the day after tomorrow; 3) soon after; 4) is named af-ter; 5) after all; 6) named … after; 7) after all; 8) the day after tomorrow; 9) day after day; 10) soon after.
EXERCISE XI.
1) leaves … behind; 2) fell behind; 3) beyond doubt; 4) beyond my power; 5) leave something behind; 6) behind time; 7) beyond me; 8) sit down; 9) to lie down; 10) upside down.
EXERCISE XII.
1) We obtained a big loan in the bank and are to return the money soon. 2) Did Tom recover from flu? I don’t know, I haven’t seen him for three weeks. 3) Sam often earns additionally, translating from German into Ukrainian. 4) From his point of view we should have our own house. 5) Jill visits her old aunt from time to time. 6) We sliced the pie into thirty slices and served it. 7) Cut the apple in half with me. 8) We always translate from Ukrainian into English. 9) This chapter consists of four units. 10) I am afraid of the dogs and cannot see them. 11) We don’t invite him because we are ashamed of his manners. 12) Fred got rid of his old clothes which were in the attic. 13) Don’t remind me of the exams. I am afraid of them. 14) Ernst was named after his granddad. 15) If we leave the day after tomorrow we shall catch the train. 16) The Smiths went to Sochi after all. 17) Children fell be-hind the others on maths. 18) Monica reminded of having left her favourite dress at home. 19) It was beyond Joe’s power to help us. 20) Jane always does everything behind everybody’s back.
EXERCISE XIII.
1) on business; 2) on board the ship; 3) rely on; 4) on foot; 5) on the one hand, on the other hand; 6) on the whole; 7) on fire; 8) on sale; 9) on pur-pose; 10) on the way; 11) and so on; 12) on the whole; 13) on board the ship ‘Nakhimov’; 14) on the contrary; 15) congratulated … on.
EXERCISE XIV.
1) found out; 2) pointed out; 3) worked out; 4) out of danger;
5) out of work; 6) out of fashion; 7) out of use; 8) out of order; 9) out of envy;10) out of doors.
EXERCISE XV.
1) ran over; 2) talked over; 3) think over; 4) all over the world; 5) over there; 6) run over; 7) talk over; 8) think over; 9) all over the world; 10) over there.
EXERCISE XVI.
1) My friends congratulated me on the occasion of the graduating from the institute. 2) The house was on fire and the firemen came at once.
3) They met on board the ship «Ushakov». 4) We looked at the book on all sides and asked to wrap it up. 5) Bobby saw strawberries on sale and bought two kilos. 6) They discussed the problem on the whole. 7) The children met their parents on the way home. 8) The house was on the right side of the park. 9) Everything will depend on his parents. 10) Ann insisted on his coming to London. 11) I can never rely on him. 12) Sally went on a business trip. 13) This company worked out all the programmes for our plant. 14) Mary was pointed out that she had made a lot of mistakes.
15) Jackson knew that the children were out of danger. 16) Tom did it out of envy. 17) This device has been out of use and we should get rid of it. 18) We found out that she had been unjust. 19) This dress was out of fash-ion and I gave it to my aunt. 20) This information is out of date and we cannot use it.
EXERCISE XVII.
1) apologized to; 2) рay attention to; 3) subscribe to; 4) belong to;
5) refer to; 6) happened to; 7) pay attention to; 8) attentive to; 9) speak to;
10) familiar to.
EXERCISE XVIII.
1) get up; 2) time was up; 3) picking up; 4) under repair; 5) hurry up;
6) stood up; 7) under circumstances; 8) it is up to you ; 9) ring up; 10) up to date.
EXERCISE XIX.
1) covered with; 2) trembling with; 3) satisfied with; 4) very popular with; 5) filled with; 6) do; 7) red with; 8) popular with; 9) pleased with; 10) pale with.
EXERCISE XX.
1) was; 2) of; 3) on; 4) from; 5) to; 6) to; 7) in; 8) into; 9) to; 10) of;
11) to; 12) with; 13) at; 14) in; 15) out; 16) to; 17) with; 18) in; 19) by;
20) in.
EXERCISE XXI.
1) popular with; 2) stood up; 3) pays attention to; 4) ran over; 5) worked out; 6) out of envy; 7) congratulated on; 8) borders on; 9) fell behind;
10) write down.
EXERCISE XXII.
1) We can do witout cakes for ages. 2) The road was covered with snow and it was very slippery. 3) The kittens jumped up and down and looked very funny. 4) Tim lives in the hotel because his house is under the repair. 5) The manuscripts belonged to old duke Wellington. 6) They told us they would talk this problem over. 7) My fridge is too old and now it is out
of use. 8) Sally is always pointed out that she is late. 9) The representa-
tive of our firm went there on business. 10) They did this boring work day after day.
EXERCISE XXIII.
1) с; 2) d; 3) d; 4) b; 5) d; 6) c; 7) c; 8) c; 9) d; 10) b.
EXERCISE XXIV.
1) They went along the forest for a long time. 2) The news has quickly overspread over the city. 3) Go this way, please. 4) The steamer sailed on the Dnieper River. 5) She paced the room. 6) They crossed the river one by one. 7) It is ten o’clock by my watch. 8) We live in London. 9) The children went to the Zoo. 10) Come at six, please. 11) They en-tered the house. 12) We cannot go outside in such a rain. 13) She stood looking into the window. 14) We shall come in July. 15) Tom put his hands into the pockets.
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